Pain is treated as the symptom of a number of diseases, and it puts the patients through a hard time. It could even affect their mental health by compromising the quality of their daily lives. Plant formulations that have analgesic properties were in use for ages, with age-old herbal medications presently being infused into modern therapeutics.
When the discussion is about using medicinal plants as pain killers, cannabis would definitely make a significant topic for it, as it is a historically famous medicinal plant. Much of the therapeutic properties of cannabis plants are attributed to one of its compounds CBD.
In this article, we present a list of best CBD topicals especially intended for pain relief. Let us start from the basics, the pain symptoms, and the mechanism by which CBD works inside the body to offer pain relief benefits.
Understanding The Science Behind Pain
Pain signals originating in your body travels to the brain through the spinal cord before it is processed to generate the desired response. Pain signals of varying nature are carried over by different types of nerve fibers, A-alpha, A-beta, and A-delta. A-alpha nerve fiber is associated with generating spatial awareness, while A-beta nerve fibers carry sharp pain signals, and A-delta nerve fibers carry slow pain signals.
Pain signals can be modified at different points along its pathway and the modification can be best explained by gate control theory. Gate control theory developed in 1965 by Patrick Wall and Ronald Melzack proposed that there existed a gate mechanism in the central nervous system that could open and close to allow and block the message of pain messages to the brain.
The physical response to pain is influenced by the severity of the pain. Just because you experience pain at a particular location does not mean that the location is necessarily the actual origin of pain. Take for instance the case of a heart attack that manifests itself in the form of pain in the jaws, neck, or arms.
The effect of pain is determined by how your brain interprets the pain signals, and the process is influenced by factors like age, emotional state, health condition, social influences, etc.
Types Of Pain
Based on how long pain is experienced, pain is of two types.
Acute pain surfaces quickly and subsides as soon as the roots cause, possibly an injury or infection is treated. It doesn’t last a longer duration of time.
Chronic pain is caused by continuous tissue damage like in the case of diseases like osteoarthritis. Resolving the underlying issue helps reduce chronic pain but in some rare instances, the pain might persist even after the triggers, probably an injury is healed. Pain signals might even be noticed without any visible physical cause.
How Does CBD Offer Pain Relief?
The severity of pain sensation and the extent of pain perception are influenced by the endocannabinoid system of the body. Our body naturally produces endocannabinoids that are crucial in regulating several body functions that are associated with physical and mental health, Pain sensation, sleep, mood, sleep, etc to name a few. When the level of endocannabinoids is less, it could cause various disease symptoms in the body including pain. The external supply of plant cannabinoids addresses the deficiency of endocannabinoids and helps your body restore homeostasis.
CBD offers medicinal benefits by influencing the endocannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and nervous system whereas the concentration of CB2 receptors is high in the immune cells. Unlike THC, CBD lacks the binding affinity to endocannabinoid receptors, which is why it exerts an indirect influence on the receptors. While THC binds to the active sites of CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD influences the receptors by activating TRPV1 receptors that are involved in regulating pain, inflammation, and body temperature.
Studies also suggest that CBD exerts an inhibitory effect on Fatty Acid amide Hydrolase (FAAH) which causes an increase in the levels of endocannabinoids in the body.
Research That Supports The Pain Relief Effects Of CBD
A 2017 study published in the Pain Journal looked at the effects that CBD produced on mice that had osteoarthritis. After the mice were administered CBD, a significant reduction in pain and inflammation was observed. The treatment hardly caused any side effects, indicating that CBD does not cause any notable side effects.
A 2016 study published in the European Journal of pain analyzed the effects of topical CBD on rats with arthritis. The rats were given an injection to the knee joint to model arthritis, after which the CBD gel containing 10 percent CBD was applied on their body for four days in a row. The gel was applied onto the shaved backs of the rat for about 30 seconds on every use.
After the test period was over, the level of inflammation in the rat’s joints, level of CBD that entered their bloodstream, etc were measured. It was found that rats that received the two highest doses of CBD showed lower inflammation levels and pain behavior.
The success of animal studies sheds light on the possible usefulness of CBD in pain relief applications.
What Are CBD Topicals?
CBD topicals are common topical formulations infused with CBD extract that belongs to any of the spectrum options full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and CBD isolate. CBD topicals in itself are a broad category that includes products like CBD creams, CBD salves, CBD lotions, etc. These topical options differ primarily based on the percentage of water in the product. CBD creams and lotions have greater water content than that of CBD salves.
Best CBD Topicals For Pain
Here is a list of best CBD topicals for pain.
Green Roads Muscle And Joint Relief Cream
Green roads muscle and joint relief CBD cream are made from CBD isolate, indicating that the cream is completely free of THC. It is available in three strengths, 150 mg, 350 mg, and 50 mg CBD per bottle. The CBD cream contains no animal-derived ingredients making it an excellent choice for vegans. In addition to the CBD isolate, the CBD cream contains ingredients like lavender and natural extracts to enhance the aroma and effectiveness of the cream.
The CBD cream is tested by third-party labs for the following:
- Other cannabinoids
- Heavy metals
- Residual solvents
Green Roads Relief CBD cream is made from hemp grown in US farms by following strict quality guidelines. The price range of the cream depends on the strengths, with 150 mg CBD available at a price of $34.95 and 300 mg available for $62.5.
Premium Jane CBD Topical
Premium Jane topical is an excellent medication for pain relief. It is made from non-GMO hemp cultivated in Oregon. The available strengths of the ointment include 750 mg and 1500 mg. The ingredients in 750 mg ointment are:
- CBD extract
- Eucalyptus oil
- Emu oil
- Lemongrass extract
- Soy protein
- Neem leaf extract
- Omega 3 and 6 oils
- Argan oil
- Jojoba oil
The ointment is a third-party lab tested for CBD, THC, other cannabinoids, foreign matter, etc. However, the third-party labs do not test the topical for pesticides, heavy metals, microbial, etc.
750 mg tub costs $75 whereas 1500 mg tub costs $125. The higher strength option has the goodness of cocoa butter scent while the smaller strength version guarantees the soothing effect of eucalyptus oil.
Hemp Bombs CBD Pain Freeze
Hemp Bombs CBD pain freeze contains 1000mg CBD per 4 ounces volume of the cream. Its high potency makes the rub an excellent choice that can relieve pain in the muscles and joints. Its ingredients include:
- CBD extract
- Isopropyl alcohol
The products of the brand are tested by third-party labs for Cannabinoid content, terpenes, residual solvents, heavy metals, water activity, microbial, etc.
CBD Essence Sport Hot Muscle Rub
The full spectrum muscle and joint rub is the perfect option for people who lead a hardcore lifestyle that has great possibilities for injury. Because the topical contains full-spectrum hemp extract, it offers synergistic effects in the users. The topical contains 600 mg CBD per 2 oz volume that offers fast-acting relief as a result of high potency.
Major ingredients of the rub include:
- Jojoba oil
- Sunflower seed oil
- Bay leaf lemon oil
- Lemon eucalyptus
- Shea butter
The rub is tested by third-party labs and the results are available at the product website.
Spruce Full Spectrum CBD Salve
This highly potent full spectrum CBD salve offers synergistic effects of hemp phytochemicals contributing appreciable pain relief effects. In addition to the full spectrum hemp extract, the salve has ingredients like shea butter, olive oil, coconut oil, etc that have soothing properties. 0.87oz jar has 1000 mg CBD whereas 1.7 oz jar has 2000 mg CBD.
Spruce full spectrum CBD salve is a third party lab tested for pesticides, toxins, microbial, residual solvents, heavy metals, etc to ensure the purity of the salve.
The Hemp extract added to the salve is obtained from US grown hemp and the THC levels are strictly maintained below 0.3% in the topical.
If targeted pain relief is what you expect, CBD topicals are the right choice. Before starting the use of the topical, make sure that you are not allergic to any of its ingredients by checking the ingredient list for allergens. Even if you do not find any allergens in the ingredient list, apply a small dose of the topical onto your skin, and wait for any reaction. Go ahead with the purchase only if you do not see any reaction.